Beat the Kick was developed by the Academic Collaborative Center for Living with an Intellectual Disability (Tranzo, Tilburg University, the Netherlands), under the supervision of Professor Petri Embregts, and in close collaboration with Dichterbij, an organisation that helps people with an intellectual disability in the Netherlands. The training is based on the ‘Handling substances and addiction’ module of The Borg, and the ‘Handling addiction’ training module of Foundation Liberman Modules. The development of Beat the Kick also included experiences from healthcare professionals and from people with a mild intellectual disability.